Melamine Spiking in Food “Widespread” For Years

We will just let the story speak for itself. Highlights are below. NOTE: The article went missing on the IHT site. It is now back on the IHT site.

No more denials, no more hemming and hawing by the FDA. Time to take massive cautionary action is now. It’s not just animal feed anymore. It’s not just pet food. It’s a crisis. It’s been going on for years. It’s being done in “wheat, corn, soybean or other proteins”.

All ingredients and foods imported from abroad needs to be tested now. Period. Any food that used suspect ingredients should be recalled. ASAP.

Highlights below from the IHT article (emphasis ours):

Here at the Shandong Mingshui Great Chemical Group factory, huge boiler vats are turning coal into melamine, which is used to create plastics and fertilizer.

But the leftover melamine scrap, small acorn-sized chunks of white rock, is then being sold to local entrepreneurs, who say they secretly mix a powdered form of the scrap into animal feed to artificially enhance the protein level.

“It just saves money,” says a manager at an animal feed factory here. “Melamine scrap is added to animal feed to boost the protein level.”

The practice is widespread in China. For years animal feed sellers have been able to cheat buyers by blending the powder into feed with little regulatory supervision, according to interviews with melamine scrap traders and agricultural workers here.

“Many companies buy melamine scrap to make animal feed, such as fish feed,” says Ji Denghui, general manager of the Fujian Sanming Dinghui Chemical Company. “I don’t know if there’s a regulation on it. Probably not. No law or regulation says ‘don’t do it,’ so everyone’s doing it. The laws in China are like that, aren’t they? If there’s no accident, there won’t be any regulation.”

Most local feed companies do not admit that they use melamine. But last Friday here in Zhangqiu, a fast-growing industrial city southeast of Beijing, a pair of animal feed producers explained in great detail how they purchase low-grade wheat, corn, soybean or other proteins and then mix in small portions of nitrogen-rich melamine, whose chemical properties give a bag of animal feed an inflated protein level under standard tests.

“If you add it in small quantities, it won’t hurt the animals,” said one animal feed entrepreneur whose name is being withheld to protect him from prosecution.

The man - who works in a small animal feed operation that consists of a handful of storage and mixing areas - said he has mixed melamine into animal feed for years.

We’ve always suspected that this problem went back further than Menu Foods and this article confirms our suspicions. Again, we may never know the degree of deaths and illnesses in pets as many have long died and evidence has been lost.

Also, in other news. ChemNutra says MenuFoods was using 80 tons of wheat gluten from another source.

(Thanks to many reader tips)

NOTE: We will not tolerate hate speech, racism, or promotion of criminal activities on our comments or forums. On the other hand, thank you to the thousands of commenters who have been helpful, polite, and kind to everyone else.

449 Responses to “Melamine Spiking in Food “Widespread” For Years”

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  1. Helen says:

    The Banfield study is also flawed by the fact that so many people buried their pets without even being able to take them to the vet because they did not have a few thousand dolllars sitting around they didn’t need to pay the rent/mortgage and feed their families.

  2. Flamin says:

    It’s high Time to start testing The protein supplement for honey bees too.

    Colony Collapse Disorder (or CCD) is a poorly understood phenomenon involving the massive die-off of a beehive or bee colony. The BBC has referred to it as VBS (Vanishing Bee Syndrome).
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/C.....e_Disorder

    protein supplement for honey bees could contain these chemicals too.

    soybean products, corn products, wheast imported from China(yeast grown on milk protein, whey)and corn by products.

    Wheast (R) or whey yeast (Saccharomyces fragilis), and torula yeast (Candida utilis)Beltsville Bee Diet®

    http://www.honeybee.com.au/Library/Beefeeds.html

    expanded thread here.
    http://www.alien-earth.org/for.....te=4/29/07

  3. Helen says:

    Flamin: OMG, since when do they give protein concentrate to BEES? No wonder they are all dead for unidentifiable reasons!

  4. Helen says:

    Talk about terror on our food crops. We can’t even grow any crops without bees.

  5. Flamin says:

    Helen, for a very long time I’m afraid. I made an expanded thread about it with many links to the protein bee feed. I’m a member here, I have a little chi puppy, and also my family eats lots of soybean, and rice gluten products. So I’m worried for us all! I don’t think anyone has looked into the bee feed however, but I’m sure others besides me have wondered if they have tested it yet! This would explain a lot about the Colony Collapse Disorder. Or a least rule it out! Wheast is also imported from China. However the protein supplement in bee feed, contains glutens to form it into cakes too. Unless the beekeeper uses the liquid form, however the wheast is in both.

  6. Gerry says:

    Helen. Thank you for the info on Halo. Searching for a safe pet food reminds me of the gal who was trying to pick a user name for a web site. She kept putting names in and after about 20 she got frustrated and typed in …I give up! and the site said..already been used. My chubby little pug will eat all my home cooking but my cat is purr.snickity.

  7. Desiree says:

    YAYA,

    You’re welcome and once again, you make some very valid points. The thought of the Pet Food Companies re-earning our trust sounds like a good idea, but the part you said “if you can” is likely the way it may be for many people. Trust won’t come easy, I know it won’t for me. Knowing how long this situation has been going on behind closed doors, yet trusting that the food I purchased was safe.

    I assumed that what was recommended by my vet WAS the BEST there was for my precious fur family members. But I was WRONG. Now for the first time, I am taking an active role at looking at what I am feeding. And well I should. It is my responsibility. At the same time, as consumers, we should never have to go to this kind of extent in order to protect our pets and in reality, I believe ourselves as well.

    However, the trust I once had is gone. So now I find myself spending days doing endless research trying to make the best decision based on the most accurate information that I can find. And of course gathering from many sources–NOT just one or two and certainly not based on opinions. I will not give my trust easily and when I do, I will likely not give it completely. I feel the almighty dollar will always have a priority over many things and our pets are one of them.

    I am sorry for your loss. It’s good to hear that your furbaby is on the mend. And I hope she continues to do well. This must have been extremely difficult for you.

    Believe me, I can understand given all the recent events why you would see there being a link to pet food as being the cause of what happened to ShimiCat. Like you, I have no proof when it comes to previous loss, but I have the same thoughts.

    You may not have read a previous post of mine, but in the past I have used IAMS and later prescription diets from Hills that were pushed by my vet. One kitty died from renal failure at age 12 and the other was a little older with an undetermined conditon, along with a history of numerous bladder problems.

    What amazes me now is my furbaby that was on Hills m/d and is overweight now climbs on everything–even places I wish she didn’t climb. She is far more active and her hair has more shine too.

    One of my other furbabies used to vomit at least once per week. I thought it was hair balls, but she hasn’t vomited at all since I took her off the Royal Canin IVD Mature which had wheat gluten in it.

    There is a significant difference since I changed over to quality protein food with no grain from what my fur family members had been eating. We got really lucky in being able to do it before any of them had any major health issues develop. But it doesn’t take away my sadness for all those that have suffered tremendous loss.

  8. Helen says:

    Gerry, I hear you. lol. My cat is too. She has refused each and every offer of a wet food I believe might not kill her, and I like to keep her diet wet, dry, and human. Still hunting for a wet.

  9. Kari says:

    Flamin,
    Now that you mention it, I too eat alot of rice milk and soy products and strangely enough, I have had two blood tests for myself over the last few months, wich showed a low kidney filtration rate. Then, by the time I test again, it is gone. It makes one wonder….

  10. gigi says:

    I wouldn’t have expected any less from a country that clubs helpless animals to death in the streets and often in front of their frightened owners. Barbarians.

  11. Kari says:

    Good point GiGi,
    Time for a massive Boycott, I’d say.

  12. Flamin says:

    I had a lot of low back pain, increase urine production, fatigue. My nurse practitioner ran an utrasound. I have one enlarged kidney! That was a month before this recall hit. Makes me ask lots of questions, and not trust the FDA, or any government alphabet agency. I think this goes deeper than we realize, and that this is just the tip of the iceberg. So much for us eating a vegetarian diet, soybean and rice products. Seems like they will kill us off one way or another. Not to mention the variety of fish species raised in fish hatcheries for restocking our nations waters. So I question about the protein supplement feed for honey bees too. As far as I can tell, Wheast is imported from China. So is the Soy. I’m not getting any answers about this, and I’ve posted on several forums. I question China’s practices of growing wheast using corn, rice, and wheat by products. Feel free to copy this info. and pass it along. I think beekeepers need to start looking into what ingredients are in their protein bee supplement. I hope together we can get to the bottom of this wide spread disaster, and get back on track. ttyl

  13. pat says:

    flamin, i thought i was as depressed as i was gonna get until you mentioned precious bees. this is beyond awful.

  14. Helen says:

    Flamin: A friend of mine who has lived in Japan for years is the one who alerted me to Colony Collapse a while back. He has kept bees before and was beside himself to know what is causing it. It is too widespread and sudden to be an illness spreading from one location. They can’t nail down a disease at the center of it, can’t explain it…sort of like the vets couldn’t explain all our pets falling over dead from poison! The timing is also suspicious, don’t you think? Bees were barely recovering from the blight, and now this.

  15. Pam says:

    The article is in the printed NYTimes this morning. I’ll save it.

  16. YaYa says:

    HONEY BEE FUNGUS FINGERED

    Here a links for the News about the Fungus they’ve discovered killing off the Honeybee Colonies. I heard about it just last week, and went to find an article for You. I hope this helps. It’s on the Front Page of “Whitesoap”. Turns out that CDC and the Bio-Tech Dept. of the Army {I believe} helped nail this one. I think I also heard it on ABCnews {TV}.

  17. YaYa says:

    Shoot! Link did not show! Sorry. Here it is:

    http://www.whitesoap.com

  18. Helen says:

    About the bee fungus. They used words like “possibly” “might” and “highly preliminary” to describe the collapse and death of beehives in Europe, USA, and Taiwan, all at the same time. If it is a fungus, how did it get to Europe, USA, and Taiwan all at the same time? If it is this fungus, how did it get so widespread, across oceans and continents, all at the same time? Answer: The supplement fed to bees? Or is the supplement the real problem? They said they still don’t know what is killing all these bees, and they are guessing it might be this fungus and maybe a virus. No word about poison bee supplement.

  19. Flamineagle says:

    Sorry, I didn’t mean to depress you Pat. However the more question we ask, and dig out information, the faster we can get to the root of this and resolve it. I’m not waiting for the FDA to help me, I’m doing the research and leg work like everyone else here. The FDA/Codex knew about this for years, so it is more wide spread then we realize. If you can Helen, ask your friend the beekeeper about this. I also found Wheast is used in fertilizer. Spinach, cantaloupe tainted fertilizer/food connection? If the wheast is tainted to, it would explain a lot. Many bee keepers use protein bee food to stave off starvation in the bee hive, and to boost production. Wheast is a yeast product derived from by-products in the manufacture of cottage cheese, ie soybean, milk and rice milk. Bee feed also contains many other ingredients. Different companies make bee food, however I haven’t been able to get any ingredients listed. A few companies claim no use of wheast, corn, soy, or rice by products.
    China also makes
    Lyophilized Queen Bee Larva Powder
    Try this site.
    http://www.made-in-china.com/
    type in bee food, or bee
    Just one of the many companies, there are many.
    http://www.honeybeeworld.com/m.....efault.htm

    You may find more.

  20. Flamin says:

    YaYa if it is a fungus, it could be from the use the wheast.

    Wheast soybean products, corn products, wheast imported from China(yeast grown on milk protein, whey)and corn by products.

    Wheast (R) or whey yeast (Saccharomyces fragilis), and torula yeast (Candida utilis)Beltsville Bee Diet®

    Yeast overgrowth?

    Sorry, I didn’t mean to depress you Pat. However the more question we ask, and dig out information, the faster we can get to the root of this and resolve it. I’m not waiting for the FDA to help me, I’m doing the research and leg work like everyone else here. The FDA/Codex knew about this for years, so it is more wide spread then we realize. If you can Helen, ask your friend the beekeeper about this. I also found Wheast is used in fertilizer. Spinach, cantaloupe tainted fertilizer/food connection? If the wheast is tainted to, it would explain a lot. Many bee keepers use protein bee food to stave off starvation in the bee hive, and to boost production. Wheast is a yeast product derived from by-products in the manufacture of cottage cheese, ie soybean, milk and rice milk. Bee feed also contains many other ingredients. Different companies make bee food, however I haven’t been able to get any ingredients listed. A few companies claim no use of wheast, corn, soy, or rice by products.
    China also makes
    Lyophilized Queen Bee Larva Powder
    Try this site.
    http://www.made-in-china.com/
    type in bee food, or bee
    Just one of the many companies, there are many.
    http://www.honeybeeworld.com/m.....efault.htm

    You may find more. I’m going to make dinner now. Whatever that ends up to be, I don’t know;)

  21. YaYa says:

    It’s gone from thefront page at whitesoap already…
    I checked and it’s also been at: “The Register”

    http://www.theregister.com

    {I’m having one of those days!}

    The Fungus was named: nosema ceranae

    I think it’s the closest answer yet. It sounded pretty sure.

    You could also put the name of the Fungus above in Google.

  22. Donna says:

    I have put together a Webshots photo album of affected pets. My pets have not been affected, so I don’t have any photos in it yet. Please feel free to give the email address below to anyone with an affected pet…have them email me a photo, pets name, food they ate, date of passing if they died, and contact name/email address. I think this will serve a similar function as the postcard blitz, but may be able to reach more people.

    My email address is AngelSimba61 at yahoo dot com.

  23. Beth says:

    I can’t seem to post. trying again.
    Sorry, I didn’t mean to depress you Pat. However the more question we ask, and dig out information, the faster we can get to the root of this and resolve it. I’m not waiting for the FDA to help me, I’m doing the research and leg work like everyone else here. The FDA/Codex knew about this for years, so it is more wide spread then we realize. If you can Helen, ask your friend the beekeeper about this. I also found Wheast is used in fertilizer. Spinach, cantaloupe tainted fertilizer/food connection? If the wheast is tainted to, it would explain a lot. Many bee keepers use protein bee food to stave off starvation in the bee hive, and to boost production. Wheast is a yeast product derived from by-products in the manufacture of cottage cheese, ie soybean, milk and rice milk. Bee feed also contains many other ingredients. Different companies make bee food, however I haven’t been able to get any ingredients listed. A few companies claim no use of wheast, corn, soy, or rice by products.
    China also makes
    Lyophilized Queen Bee Larva Powder
    Try this site.
    http://www.made-in-china.com/
    type in bee food, or bee
    Just one of the many companies, there are many.
    http://www.honeybeeworld.com/m.....efault.htm

    You may find more.

  24. SandyC says:

    Concering Halo brand treats…I have a container of chicken treats and a container of salmon treats sitting right here on my desk. I’ve searched all over the plastic container, the labels, the lids… I see no mention of China. Perhaps someone that sees China on the label could tell me exactly where to look. Halo brand is one of the brands I have put trust in. If its misplaced trust, I’d like to know. If its just wild speculation and rumors being spread, I’d like to know that too.

  25. Helen says:

    SandyC. It was yesterday I looked at the Halo treats. Square plastic jar dried salmon treats. They may not make them all there. Or they may not have changed all the labels. I have no idea. I only know I had heard they were tasty, I picked up a jar at the pet store, looked it over and found made in China and put it back down. Can’t remember which exact spot on the label as I didn’t look at it that long. It was in pretty big letters though. If it were on your label, I’m sure you would be able to see it.

  26. Beth says:

    SandyC, It may not say made in China. Many USA companies made products here, but buy ingredients from other countries cutting costs. Thats’ why I was surprised to learn Rolay Canin USA, imported vegetable proteins from China. Not that I have anything against China, I just thought Royal Canin was from the USA. Made in the USA, takes on a whole new meaning to me now. They can say made in the usa, but buy the ingredients from other countries. That’s very misleading to me.

    btw I read the box for my dinner. It contained,soybean protein, rice protien, torula yeast, organic wheat gluten,expeller soybean oil, , to name just a few ingredients in my veggie burgers! God only knows where the ingredients came from!

  27. SandyC says:

    Thanks, Helen. I think I’ll give them a call tomorrow. I’ve used Halo products for years and have always been impressed with them and was comfortable using them even during this time of uncertainty but I rather get some facts before I get too comfortable.

  28. Helen says:

    At least it said where it was made. So few things do.

  29. Beth says:

    they also make Brewer’s Yeast Powder, and other types of yeast, in pet, human, and bee food.
    http://www.made-in-china.com

    depending on the species of yeast, and on what medium it was grown in, such as grain or sugarcane sap.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yeast

    Wheat gluten - also called seitan (pronounced SAY-tahn), wheat meat, wheat-meat, wheatmeat, gluten meat, or simply gluten - is a foodstuff made from the gluten of wheat. It is made by washing dough made from wheat flour in water until the starch is rinsed away, leaving only the gluten, which can then be cooked and processed in various ways.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wheat_gluten_(food)

    China wastes nothing, so if the tainted glutens, rice proteins, ect came from China, I’d say check the yeast/whey products too.
    btw Royal Canin uses Brewer’s Yeast , where they and others buy it from is anyone’s guess. All I know is these products are in just about everything people, animals, fish, and bee food.

  30. Amy says:

    Hey Helen - you were talking about freeze dried salmon treats earlier and I think I’m the one you were referring to who had posted about them yesterday. I have a package of Wild Side Salmon brand treats and it says right on the package “Caught in Alaska and shipped to be freeze-dried and packaged in China” their website is www.wildsidesalmon.com

  31. Helen says:

    SandyC: Amy was the one who said that about freeze-drying in China (thanks Amy for correcting me on which brand you had). I don’t want to worry you. I have to go back there tomorrow anyway, and I will double double check the Halo, get the best buy date, size, etc and will post in this thread tomorrow night. I would like to hear what Halo says? I wanted to get them for my cat, but I saw that made in china and couldn’t do it.

  32. Flamin says:

    “All vegetable protein from China is being detained. It includes the following: Wheat Gluten, Rice Gluten, Rice Protein, Rice Protein Concentrate, Corn Gluten, Corn Gluten Meal, Corn By-Products, Soy Protein, Soy Gluten, Proteins (includes amino acids and protein hydrosylates), Mung Bean Protein”.

    check your pet food, human food, any farm animal feed, hatchery fish feed, any small pet foods ( turtel, fish, hamsters, rabbits, ect.) And ALL Honey bee supplements.

    http://www.itchmo.com/

    Yeast is made after the gluten process. when will they check bee feed?
    we import bee food, bee products & bees from china.

    Mother Nature’s bioterrorism

    By Laura H. Kahn | 27 April 2007

    Bioterrorists, in this case Mother Nature, couldn’t have picked a better target against agriculture: honeybees. Cornell University’s Roger Morse and Nicholas Calderone estimate that the value honeybees contribute to U.S. agriculture through pollination grew from $9.3 billion in 1989 to $14.6 billion in 2000. (See “The Value of Honeybees as Pollinators of U.S. Crops in 2000″
    http://www.thebulletin.org/col.....70427.html

  33. Helen says:

    Flamin, I emailed a copy of your first bee post with the links to my friend. He may be travelling, as he often is, so I don’t know when I might hear back, and also he doesn’t have any bees now. I am wondering what chemical reaction might be going on inside the bees. What is the internal Ph of a bee, for example? Those Canadian scientists got the reaction between melamine and cyanuric acid at the ph of a (cat?) kidney. I bet anything this crap is what is killing the bees!!!!! The articles I read earlier seemed to indicate the bees’ immune systems had crashed and the bees they were studying had not just one or two diseases, but all of them. I will look up that first email and see if I can still access the article. If I find it I will put it right here.

  34. Helen says:

    Flamin: Here is the article I received in late february.

    http://www.intentblog.com/arch.....ber_m.html

  35. pat says:

    Flamin, Don’t worry about depressing me; this is a really heads up observation and I’m with you all the way! And actually, I should be happy, because if this indeed is the problem, it can be fixed!

  36. Eileen says:

    Lorie - That’s it exactly! Connor was throwing up that yellow foam, which seems to always be called “bile”. When it suddenly started again, just before the recall, I never put two and two together. My daughter’s Maine Coon died right around Christmas from kidney failure….and was eating only IAMS canned. What is even worse, I keep going over in my mind IF there was any possibility that it could have been this same “bad food” that took the lives of our other pets over the last couple of years. NO ONE could explain the death of my 7 year-old Newfoundland two years ago. She didn’t have a single thing “wrong” with her….except for one knee from when she fell as a puppy and wasn’t “bad enough” for any sort of surgery. She was my BIG baby…all 138 pounds of her was pure love, loyalty and devotion. It broke my heart, and when there was no logical reason for her death, it was chalked up to “old age”. I know Newfie’s are not long-living dogs, but NOT EVEN EIGHT YET??!!? The only “symptom” was her lack of usual appetite, drinking a bit more….and suddenly having “pee-pee” accidents in the house. First thing “diagnosed” was a
    bladder infection. Then possibly diabetes. But, the tests didn’t show anything wrong. She never got any better….and then she was gone. Given that my cat Howard had died just a few months before (heart defect, so it was said), I was really a bit out of my mind by then. And, as I said, I was going down hill fast medically myself - told outright that I was on “borrowed time”. My only change was in food. The chances of a human, a cat and a dog all “going downhill” in less than three months????? Then it starts all over again later with myself and Connor?? I have the doggone medical reports on all of my blood and urine tests to back it up - and you can bet dollars to donuts that if I get any more of those “off” tests, I don’t care HOW nuts the doctors think I am, I am going to demand my urine be tested for Melamine! The ONLY time I had “off” tests that bad was way back in 1979, and they did find the OUTSIDE SOURCE….I was being contaminated by TriChlorEthylene at my job! IT was recalled….and my miserable lout of a boss KNEW it had been, but had a “big supply” and “wanted to use it up” rather than get rid of it, as told to by OSHA.
    As far as feeding the two dogs and two cats now, we are trying Honest Kitchen….it’s somewhat “pricey”, but at this point, I don’t know what else to do. When I found out that the company that makes the pet vitamins we were going to add to home-made meals had so many recalls over the past number of years by checking them out at the FDA site, even though the vitamins were NOT on any recalls I saw, I still got the “willies”. And I will say that we haven’t seen anything odd happen with the cats eating Friskies, but with all this going on, I still didn’t want to take big chances, and made some switches. But I, myself, don’t have much of a choice……I’m on a special diet, and when I read the contents of a lot of the “food”, the first thing that jumped off about 75% of the contents list was WHEAT GLUTEN. And soy protein. This time, I’m a bit more “prepared”….although it won’t tell a big story. I have an ample supply of various “testing strips” for urine, and they can also be used on the pets. Some are covered under Medical insurance, some are not, but it’s worth the darned money out of my pocket to at least have something that could (at least) give some indication of things being not quite “right”.
    Eileen

  37. beehiver says:

    Hi everyone, I am new to posting here. Here are some snips from a couple articles about cyanuric acid. Since there seems to be concern about melamine + cyanuric acid present together, this may add to the info-gathering effort. Please feel free to pass this info along, or move it to a better location. Itchmo is a big place, and I wasn’t sure the best place to put this.
    ________

    from http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.g.....obtype=pdf

    Title: Chemical, Bacteriological, and Toxicological Properties of Cyanuric Acid and Chlorinated Isocyanurates as Applied to Swimming Pool Disinfection A Review
    Am J Public Health. 1974 Feb;64(2):155-62
    PMID: 4594286

    “Melamine reacts at pH 5.8 with cyanuric acid, yielding an insoluble, chemically defined compound containing 50.58 per cent of cyanuric acid.

    Chronic Toxicity
    CYANURIC ACID AND CYANURATES

    Oral daily administration of 30 mg of cyanuric acid per kg of body weight to guinea pigs and rats for 6 months caused dystrophic changes in their kidneys, but daily doses of 3.0 mg per kg of cyanuric acid or 10 mg per kg of monosodium cyanurate apparently had no adverse effect.”

    from http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.g.....obtype=pdf

    Title: A review of toxicology studies on cyanurate and its chlorinated derivatives.
    Environ Health Perspect. 1986 Nov;69:287-92.
    PMID: 3545805

    page 4 - “In these studies, sodium cyanurate was administered at concentrations up to 5375 ppm (maximum solubility limit for cyanurate). The only adverse effect observed in test animals was the finding of bladder calculi with accompanying bladder epithelial hyperplasia in a few high-dose male rats and mice. This finding was not unexpected, since sodium cyanurate is not appreciably water soluble and precipitates to form calculi in urine at high concentrations.” [snip]

    [from the section subtitled “Chronic Toxicity.Carcinogenicity Studies]

    “Sodium cyanurate was administered in the drinking water of CD rats and B6C3F1 mice for most of their lifetime; e.g., 2 years (Industry ad hoc Committee, unpublished observations) (11). CD rats were randomly assigned to treatments of 80 to 100/sex/group administered either 400, 1200, 2400, or 5375 ppm sodium cyanurate (maximum solubility level)”…

    [page 5] “Treatment-related mortality was observed in some (13/100) high-dose male animals that died on test during the first 12 months of the study. Mortality was attributed to the development of calculi in the urinary tract of test animals. The urethra of the male rat is anatomically more susceptible to blockage from calculi than that of the female. The high concentrations of cyanurate administered in drinking water favored the development of calculi in the urinary tract. Susceptible males that could not pass calculi were thought to have succumbed to secondary effects such as uremia from urinary tract obstruction. Pathologic changes secondary to urinary tract blockage were observed in some males that died on test and in some that were sacrificed at 12 months. These changes included hyperplasia, bleeding, and inflammation of the bladder epithelium, dilated and inflamed ureters, and renal tubular nephrosis. Slight tubular nephrosis was also observed in a few high-dose females during the first 12 months. These animals did not exhibit bladder calculi. Inflammatory lesions in the heart were also apparent in some of the high-dose males that died early.” [snip]

    [page 5, col. 2, last paragraph] “No significant toxicity was apparent in subchronic and chronic toxicity studies in rats and mice. The only finding of significance resulted from physical effects of calculi that obstructed the urinary tract of susceptible male rats causing mortality and secondary pathologic effects.

    The low toxicity of cyanurate is not unexpected, considering its chemical structure. Cyanuric acid is a member of the symmetrical triazine family. It is produced by the polymerization of urea to yield 2,4,6-trihydroxy-s-triazine. Compounds structurally related to cyanuric acid are quite stable in vivo as they are resistant to ring hydrolysis.”

  38. Sharon T says:

    The new this am said that the gluten made it into chicken feed and that those chickens that ate this feed were already processed. But we shouldn’t be alarmed because it won’t hurt us. WHAT are they nuts. How many animals are sick and dying and they expect us to believe the chemical won’t hurt us too! I am worried about my dogs, now I have to worry about my children. What is the FDA doing for us. NOTHING.

  39. Leslie Davison says:

    if it weren’t for Itchmo site, we pet owners would not be so informed on a daily basis, i thank all who work on this site and keep us up to date on the pet food recall.

    as i have stated before, the one and only way to Stand Up and make a wave in this situation ( not a ripple ) is ban ALL PRODUCTS THAT HAVE BEEN ON THE RECALL LIST LIST & DO NOT EVER,,,,EVER,,,BUY THEIR PRODUCTS. the pet food industry has been caught with many lies, and i personally will never belive them, and nor will i give them my business.
    i find it rewarding to feed my dogs healthy food that I CAN CONTROL, and it is easier to make, and my dogs run to their dish when i place their dinner down.

    i have a job with daily newspapers ( advertising, not editorial ), and give them the info from this site , and happy to say they have been writing about it in both papers. however i do wish more media would talk about this, so all can be aware of this scandal. Read the latest issue of Macleans Canada magazine dated April 30th. the cover has a puppy bull-dog looking at his dog dish, and the heading is ” pet food scandal” it is 6 pages of coverage of this event and will really inform you on how this began, and the response from the companies who are involved believe “it’s Business as Usual”,,,,,,,,i belive that we should show the companies that IT IS NOT BUSINESS AS USUAL, and we all stand together as pet owners.

    kindest regards
    Leslie

  40. Helen says:

    SandyC: about the HALO. I think this is where I quit saying anything on here, because clearly my brain cannot be trusted at this point. The treats NEXT to the Halo said Made in China. The Halo treats say “Made for and Distributed by” Halo, with the following address:

    3438 East Lake Rd. #14
    Palm Harbor FL 34685

    727-937-3376

    I am sorry, and I will shut up now. However, I would NOT buy the treats because I really don’t believe that they freeze dry fresh salmon in Florida, and if they do, it is not in an office complex in Suite #14. They do not list where made or who is making it for them, and if they catch it and freeze dry it in that office in Florida, I will eat melamine laced crow. How can they even do quality control from an office in Florida? Please let me know what they said when you called them. Thanks. Sorry for the mix-up. I am not trying to spread rumors, and it was an accident.

  41. Helen says:

    SandyC: about the HALO. Sorry, my brain cannot be trusted at this point. The treats NEXT to the Halo said Made in China. The Halo treats say “Made for and Distributed by” Halo, with the following address:

    3438 East Lake Rd. #14
    Palm Harbor FL 34685

    727-937-3376

    I am sorry, and I will not be posting anymore. Please let me know what they said when you called them. Thanks. Sorry for the mix-up. I am not trying to spread rumors, and it was an accident. I don’t trust in the “Made for and distributed by”.

  42. Anna Cannon says:

    WE have 3 liitle dogs I sure hope nothing happens to them We are being very very careful,,But what about human’s,,this is terrible,,something must be done,,

  43. Desiree says:

    Helen and anyone else asking about HALO,

    I live in the area. My local pet store is familar with HALO and says they are a really good company. They do have a plant here and manufacture their own food, however I don’t know if all their products are manufactured here or where their ingrediants come from. I will see if I can get some additional information for you.

  44. John says:

    FYI
    Pet Food Tracker
    http://petfoodtracker.blogspot.com/

  45. Dee says:

    Here in Canada there was one case of madcow disease and the result was an instant ban on Canadian Beef…the same should be done for this any any other chemical elements that show up in food products, skin products, hair products etc. With the invention of faster travel; everything sould be check….New Zealand has some careful screening going on and we should all take a look at how they have faired since it was implamented. I know it’s a pain to go through the airport screening…they even take your shoes and check for undireable dirt, but hey, it works.

  46. Louisa Livingstone says:

    Regarding Europe, whatever people may say about it being safer, I´m afraid I don´t trust that information re pet food being safer. I´ve already read an article that says that there is virtually no production of Vitamins in Western Europe any more because it´s so much cheaper to import from China… the factories have closed down because they can´t compete with Chinese Prices. Now, vitamins are a food product.. so that means that food products ARE imported from China into Europe. Also, it´s now been found that in China melamine is commonly mixed into animal feeds and has been for years. Plus, if you read this article I´m about to copy and paste into here, you´ll see it says that one of the guilty Chinese companies re melamine and pet food production to US, is also known to supply Europe.. So quite frankly, I don´t feel comfortable in Europe, feeding my dogs on Hills Science Diet or anything else that is mass manufactured.. Quite simply, you don´t know what they put in it. Here´s the article that mentions what I am referring to, below.. if you can´t be bothered to read the whole article, I´ve marked the paragraph re Europe with stars - just scroll down to it:

    By DAVID BARBOZA
    Published: May 3, 2007
    SHANGHAI, May 2 — A Chinese company accused of selling contaminated wheat gluten to American pet food suppliers avoided inspections partly because it did not correctly disclose its shipping contents to Chinese export authorities, according to American regulators.

    The Xuzhou Anying Biologic Technology Development Company, one of two Chinese companies at the center of the huge recall of pet food that has killed or sickened thousands of animals, shipped more than 700 tons of wheat gluten labeled as nonfood products this year through a third-party Chinese textile company.

    By listing the goods as nonfood items, the company’s shipments were not subject to mandatory inspection by the Chinese government. Though a possible violation of export policies, such mislabeling is thought to be widespread in China.

    The details of the case, some of them disclosed on Friday in a circular released by the Food and Drug Administration, are just the latest clues that Chinese feed suppliers may have been intentionally disguising the contents of their goods.

    F.D.A. officials are now visiting China to seek more information about how and why an industrial chemical used in plastics and fertilizer got mixed into pet food ingredients.

    American regulators admit that six weeks after one of the biggest pet food recalls in United States history, they still do not know who in China manufactured the contaminated pet food ingredients or where in China the contamination took place.

    Though the agency has named two Chinese companies as the suppliers of the tainted vegetable protein sent to the United States, regulators suspect the companies may not have been manufacturing the feed, but buying it from dozens of other feed manufacturers in China.

    Those feed producers, regulators say they believe, may have intentionally mixed melamine into the feed to inflate artificially the level of protein in the bags to meet pet food requirements.

    “Records relating to the importation of these products indicate that these two firms had manufactured the ingredients in question,” the F.D.A. said in an import alert released last Friday. “There is strong evidence, however, that these firms are not the actual manufacturers. Moreover, despite many weeks of investigation, it is still unknown who the actual manufacturer or manufacturers of the contaminated products imported from China are.”

    Worried that the contaminant may continue to enter the United States and also seep into the human food supply through food additives, regulators have blocked all Chinese imports of wheat gluten and warned importers to screen nearly every other kind of food and feed additive entering the United States from China, including corn gluten and soy protein.

    Last week, the F.D.A. and the Agriculture Department issued a joint warning to consumers saying that melamine has found its way into hog and chicken feed, encouraging producers to destroy the animals, even though there is no clear evidence that consuming meat from the animals is a danger to human health.

    American regulators are now under growing pressure to ensure the safety of human and pet food and to get to the bottom of the melamine scare.

    But what began as a pet food recall on March 16 involving two factories working for a single pet food maker, Menu Foods, has now expanded to include some of America’s leading pet food brands and over 60 million pet food packages.

    The two Chinese companies named by American regulators last month have said little publicly since the recall. Both companies are based in eastern China, near one of the country’s biggest wheat-growing regions and also one of the centers of melamine production.

    Melamine is an industrial chemical that animal feed producers here say has been intentionally mixed into feed to trick farmers into thinking they are buying higher protein meal, even though the chemical has no nutritional value.

    A similar practice once took place in the United States and in China involving a related compound called urea, but that compound is now more widely tested for and is banned from certain feeds in the United States.

    “This was standard stuff after World War II, when animal feed was adulterated with urea,” said Marion Nestle, a professor of nutrition, food and public health at New York University. “This is simple greed. It’s like they’re adding water to the wheat gluten.”

    The Chinese government has told American regulators that Xuzhou is not a manufacturer of wheat gluten but purchased its products from 25 manufacturers.

    ChemNutra, the Las Vegas pet food supplier that bought the wheat gluten from Xuzhou and then resold it to pet food makers in North America, also said it was led to believe Xuzhou was the manufacturer of the product.

    But ChemNutra officials also say that they received the shipments of wheat gluten through a third party, a company called Suzhou Textiles Silk Light and Industrial Products.

    A spokesman for Suzhou Textiles denied that the company exported any wheat gluten to the United States

    READ THIS PARAGRAPH BELOW *****************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************
    The other supplier of contaminated protein named by regulators is Binzhou Futian Biology Technology, which says that it supplies soy, corn and other proteins and has strong sales in the United States, Europe and Southeast Asia. The company also declined to comment.
    ********************************************************
    The Chinese government said last week that it was unlikely melamine could have harmed so many pets in the United States. But on Friday, China banned melamine from use in any vegetable protein for export or for use in the domestic food market.

    The F.D.A. says that it has received reports that more than 4,000 cats and dogs died as a result of eating pet food that may have been laced with melamine.

    Scientists are now struggling to determine why melamine, a chemical that is not believed to be toxic, may have turned poisonous.

    Some scientists theorize that melamine mixed with other melaminelike compounds, like cyanuric acid, created a poisonous substance.

    And that possibility may be all the more likely because many animal feed producers in China are not using pure melamine but impure melamine scrap that is sold more cheaply as the waste product after melamine is produced by chemical and fertilizer factories here.

    “It’s possible the other stuff they were left with was the bottom-of-the-barrel stuff, leftover melamine and possibly cyanuric acid,” said Richard Goldstein, an assistant professor at the Cornell University College of Veterinary Medicine. “I think it’s this melamine with other compounds that is toxic.”

    More Articles in Business »
    Need to know more? 50% off home delivery of The Times.
    Tips
    To find reference information about the words used in this article, double-click on any word, phrase or name. A new window will open with a dictionary definition or encyclopedia entry.
    Past Coverage
    Pet Food Chemical Unlikely to Pose Threat to Humans, Experts Say, as U.S. Continues Inquiry (May 2, 2007)
    Food Imports Often Escape Scrutiny (May 1, 2007)
    U.S. Says Some Chicken Feed Tainted (May 1, 2007)
    Filler in Animal Feed Is Open Secret in China (April 30, 2007)

  47. Louisa Livingstone says:

    Since I posted the above, if I google with these types of words China Europe produce import, (to find out more about Chinese exports into Europe), Google now presents me with a ‘Forbidden’ notice. I don´t get this if I change the words to something completely different like ‘property Malaysia’. It´s very odd!

    Here´s a copied one of these.. (It doesn´t reproduce the same without the HTML but the words are what it says, word for word).
    __________________________________________________________
    Google
    Error

    Forbidden
    Your client does not have permission to get URL /custom?hl=en&q=China+produce+Europe&btnG=Google+Search&meta=&hl=en&ie=ISO-8859-1&oe=ISO-8859-1&client=pub-7803381336700505&channel=3181435462&cof= from this server. (Client IP address: 212.100.250.217)

    The website you’ve just visited has tried to provide you with search results from Google. Unfortunately, the site violates our terms of service so your search could not be completed. If you would like to continue with your search, please click the link below, which will take you directly to Google and the results you’ve requested. We apologize for the inconvenience and encourage you to conduct future searches directly from google.com or through the Google Toolbar, which can be downloaded for free from this address: http://toolbar.google.com.
    Click here to continue your search on Google.
    _______________________________________________
    If I click where it says I just get another of the same.. ‘FORBIDDEN’ in big letters heading the rest..

    Hmmm.. the mind boggles, never mind googles..

  48. Marci says:

    This is deregulation at its finest. The current adminiatration enabled petfood and other companies to consolidate until they wielded sufficient influence to force an override of legitimate concerns of other nations, allowing admission of China to the WTO, with this predictable result. They also disabled all our federal agencies by the appointment of unqualified individuals to high posts; the FDA is but one of many. (Think Fema.) The current investigation is being forced by Senators Durgin and Kohl, both democrats. The only remedy to this food safety crisis lies at the voting booth in 2008.

  49. Marci says:

    Louisa, I get pages of results from google using your keywords: China, Europe, produce, import. Check your preferences setting. I have mine set to *no filtering.* http://www.metacrawler.com/ is a better choice. It incorporates results from google and 3 other search engines.

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