Recall Update: Monday

Latest Recalled Foods: (All Recalled Foods)

Recall News:

Popular Recall Links:

(Thanks to Sue, Tamie, & Lynn.)

49 Responses to “Recall Update: Monday”

  1. 5CatMom says:

    “FDA Was Aware of Dangers To Food
    Outbreaks Were Not Preventable, Officials Say”

    Note to FDA: Robert E. Brackett (Director of the FDA’s food-safety arm)

    Why didn’t you MORONS use your rule P04-60 which would allow you to detain the contaminated pet food at the contract plants BEFORE it was sold as feed? Here’s what your rule says:

    “FDA Finalizes Rule on Administrative Detention of Suspect Food
    Final Rule Increases Security and Safety of U.S. Food Supply”

    “This new authority applies to food for which the agency has credible evidence or information that it presents a threat of serious adverse health consequences or death to humans or animals.”

    Note to Mr. Robert E. Brackett - What’s wrong with your BRAIN?

  2. Anonymous says:

    For those of you interested in GE corn:

    Search term: Starlink at

    Also Google: organic consumers Starlink

  3. 5CatMom says:

    Note to FDA: I don’t see those corrupt China companies listed in your Import Refusal Reports. You know, the ones that are exporting the contaminated wheat gluten and rice protein concentrate.

    Import Refusal Reports

    We already know that you can’t (or won’t) protect the US food supply, but could you at least update your online infomation?

  4. Tony W. says:

    More good GM websites:

    Rice Wars:

    Food Nightmare Unfolding:

    Good online video:

    Food Run Amuck:

    Bayer Liberty Link Rice:

    The GM contaminated grain/grain products go somewhere. Where do they go?

  5. Ann says:

    United States Patent 3988483

    “It is also known to prepare sprayable liquid feed supplements which include a minor amount of a starch source such as wheat or corn in conjunction with urea. For example, in U.S. Pat. No. 3,684,518, a method is disclosed wherein an aqueous slurry of wheat flour and urea liquor is prepared and simply heated at atmospheric pressure in order to provide a liquid product which is resistant to sedimentation. In addition, in U.S. Pat. No. 3,653,909 a method is described wherein MELAMINE AND UREA ARE ADMIXED IN AQUEOUS SUSPENSION WITH WHEAT FLOUR and heated under atmospheric pressure to achieve a uniform consistency. Other conventional feed supplements are described in the following U.S. Pat. Nos. 2,748,001; 2,853,385; 2,960,406; 3,165,413; 3,573,924 and 3,677,767. ”

    “They are commonly used because they are often less expensive than natural protein sources. When NPN supplements are improperly used, fatal ammonia intoxication can occur from too-rapid breakdown of urea (or ammonium salt)-containing products to ammonia from NPN sources by microorganisms in the paunch (rumen) of cattle or sheep. In appropriate amounts, ammonia can be utilized as a nitrogen source for protein and amino acid formation but is POISONOUS when formed in the rumen in excessive amounts.”

    ‘Young cattle (

  6. Ann says:

    Young cattle (

  7. Ann says:

    Young cattle (

  8. 5CatMom says:

    Here’s the link to American Veterinary Medical Association website. It has a good timeline and other helpful information.

    Not saying I’m a fan, though.

  9. Ann says:


  10. zenelvis says:

    if anyone’s interested. i contacted Wysong about why they contract with Menu Foods. here’s the disappointing response:

    “The optimal situation would be manufacturing our entire product line in
    our own facilities, but we do not currently have capacity for this.
    Until then, we will continue to use the services of a co-packer.
    Whether that is Menu Foods or otherwise, that information is not
    available to me at this time. Wysong’s relationship with Menu Foods is
    being reevaluated, but that is the extent of the information I have
    right now. Thank you for your concern.”

  11. Steve says:

    zenelvis Says: here’s the disappointing response.


    Business isn’t in the business of watching out for the consumer. They aren’t in the business of making sure their products are safe. They are in the business of making money. As much of it as they can, as cheaply as they can.

  12. Liz says:

    Why post links about GE/GM food here? It has nothing to do with melamine or the various recalls. It’s fine to oppose it, but why drag an entire ideological mess into a completely unrelated problem? It diverts attention from the matter at hand. I’m furious about the contamination, and whoever is responsible should be held fully accountable.

    I’ve been reading these boards, and I’m sick and tired of people pointing the finger at GM food because they think it’s the root of all evil. Maybe it’s not good, but I can’t think of a single explanation of how it could possibly be responsible here. Basically, when something is genetically modified, a gene is introduced that wasn’t there before. Genes make proteins. MELAMINE ISN’T A PROTEIN!!! True, some proteins are enzymes, and they can produce other things, like sugers. But none of my research has turned up any organism (bacterial or other) that naturally synthesizes melamine. That means that if someone wanted to engineer a plant to produce melamine, they would have to invent a new enzyme specifically to do that. That type of project is way beyond current GE techniques. Even more, it would take a lot of money and time, so who would bother given how easy it is to make melamine industrially?

    I have a degree in biochemistry, but I’m not a geneticist. If someone out there with a more detailed understanding wants to point out how melamine could be engineered into a plant, please do so. In particular, those who keep saying GM foods are the culprit–if you know of naturally synthesized melamine, please let me know. Otherwise, why don’t you focus your time and energy on the real problem at hand here–minimal regulations on imported food, lack of responsibility in the pet food industry, lack of accountability when pets are killed, and the media’s almost criminal underreporting of the extent of this situation.

  13. Karen says:

    In an earlier post you commented that you fed Innova (orange bag). Are you still feeding this product? If not, please explain why you changed.

  14. Ann says:

    After what I tried to post today about this stuff in cattle feed, this should be no surprise:

    Melamine found in hog feed


  15. AZSue says:

    Liz: EXCELLENT Post! ( clapping here in Arizona :)


  16. Deanna says:


    Your last sentence is right on the money!

    I’m certainly not “learned” as far as Chemistry or Biotechnology goes…but, whether the “GM” thing is going on in China, or not,……..logic tells you, with STRINGENT and PROPER inspection protocols are not being met!!!

    WHATEVER the “scientific” minds in China are inventing….should NOT….be in our pet’s food bowls here!!!!….Wake up FDA!!!!!….Wasn’t the Wheat Gluten debacle enough to do that? Guess not!!!….Hello Rice protein concentrate!!

    I guess that the Media finds that plagueing an entire week of covering the Don Imus scandal more important than pets that are dropping like flies all over the country!!!….They should be delving into this matter…and exposing all these creeps who lack the responsibility and accountalbility for this disturbing and ever-widening mess!!!!

  17. 5CatMom says:


    The reason for the GM posts here is that we are interested in the subject.

    You may recall that early in the pet food recall debacle, the NY lab twice confirmed the presence of amnopterin. The details weren’t revealed, but amnopterin (we’re told) may be used as a marker for GM materials.

    Also, I’ve read that Cyromazine (a pesticide) HAS been GM’d into plants, and when metabolized, it forms Melamine. If this is not accurate, please correct the record.

    I don’t presume to speak for all, but some here don’t want GM contaminated grain products going into pet food or any other food.

    Also, if it IS used as an ingredient, the food product should be so labeled. Then consumers would have the choice to eat it, or not eat it.

    For those who care to consume such products, that’s fine. But I don’t want to eat ingredients that have been modified to produce herbicide, insecticide or any other “cide”, regardless of how minute the toxins may be. Furthermore, I don’t want my pets to eat it either.

    I’m not saying it’s not safe. I’m saying that no one knows what the LONG TERMS effects are. Maybe in a hundred years, I’ll change my mind based on the facts.

    My experience working in technical and highly regulated industries shows that EPA, FDA, FAA, etc., can be persuaded to accept anything by a savy group of consultants since the “engineering judgement” of the company is involved (sometimes heavily) in the process of establishing “substantial equivalence”.

    In my humble opinion “engineering judgement” may be a poor substitute for real long term science. But it depends on the engineers, and it depends on the subject at hand.

    Also, you may have noticed lately that some Federal Departments have no ability to either anticipate problems or to solve problems. So I prefer that they not make food choices for me.

    By all means, if you have some expertise in the area of GM foods, please share.

  18. Steve says:

    The Bottom Line for The Pet Food Industry?

    Untold millions of dollars in litigation and compensation that arise from class action lawsuits as well as lost future sales as a result of brand value and equity being destroyed.

    My advise? Adapt or perish.

    It’s the Customers stupid.

  19. 5CatMom says:


    Forgot to add, do you know what is Cry1Ac that was GM’d into Bayers Libery Link rice?

    Also, I’ve read that AZOS has been GM’d into yellow rice, and that the decomposition of AZOS produces by-products of ammonia and cyanuric acid?

    Does that change occur within the plant, or within the organism that consumes the plant?

  20. blkcatgal says:

    MSNBC story on food import situation:

  21. KatieKat says:

    On April 15, 2007, FDA was notified by an import company, San Francisco-based Wilbur-Ellis Company, that it had received a shipment of rice protein concentrate from China that contained a bag of melamine. Subsequent testing by FDA detected melamine in the imported rice protein concentrate.

    Wilbur-Ellis has tracked and recalled the entire shipment of rice protein concentrate product. Rice protein concentrate is used as a protein source in some pet foods, although it does not appear to be widely used in North American products or as widely used as wheat gluten.

    Wilbur-Ellis shipped the rice gluten concentrate to five U.S. pet-food manufacturers. To date, the presence of melamine has been confirmed in only two product lines from Natural Balance Pet Foods, Pacoima, Calif. As a precaution, all production dates for these products have been recalled

    We are on the 9th day waiting to hear were the rest of RPC went to!!

    We still do not know where all the tainted pork has ended up!

    Can you imagine what would be happening should someone want to declare biological warfare on us?!?

    I have never been an alarmist, activist, or politically inspired or motivated, but recent events are rapidly changing that mindset.

    I can honestly say I have lost ALL consumer confidence.

  22. ~Martha~ says:

    I for one, thank you 5CatMom, for responding to Liz regarding her displeasure in reading about our interest in the GM foods, our interest in keeping it out of foods for our table and out of our pet’s food if we so desire to discuss the subject.

    If Liz cannot see “a connection” that’s strange because it is clear to others that blog here. I cannot help but wonder what her self-touted degreed connection is to …. say …someplace like Monsanto, perhanps?

    Confusionsh Say: She who dolth protest too loudly makes me suspicious.

  23. 5CatMom says:


    Thanks for your comment. Hope my previous post didn’t have too strong a “tone”. I’m trying to be open minded on the subject and form an opinion based on the facts.

    Trouble is, we’re not getting many facts - which leads me to suspect that FDA is in the process of doing some huge damage control.

    IMHO, the pet food debacle has implications that go far beyond what’s in a MENU FOODS can.

    This is a huge wakeup call.

  24. Sue J says:

    Regarding aminopterin and GM foods, the vet that posted that link is WAY off base. I use aminopterin - it is used in making fusion cells that produce antibodies in vitro. That is the singular use of it in molecular biology that I can find, have heard of - or that anyone I’ve asked has heard of. AMINOPTERIN IS NOT PART OF GM PLANTS!!!

  25. susanUnPC says:

    The Washington Post article refers to this group, whose site I found:
    – sign up for its newsletters
    – the site has lots of excellent facts, and announcements, on the need for strengthening the FDA

    U.S. Food Safety Strained by Imports
    – This was linked today at Pet Connection’s blog.
    – Chilling!

  26. Steve says:

    “Americans Will Buy Anything” Modern Chinese Proverb

    AFP - 1 hour, 31 minutes ago

    WASHINGTON (AFP) - Unwary investors should be suspicious of e-mails, cell phone text messages and faxes touting supposedly cheap Chinese stocks which promoters claim will rocket in value, US regulators said Monday.

  27. 5CatMom says:


    Thanks for that info. It’s great that you know about the subject.

    When a shipment of grain is detained due to “suspected GM contamination”, what test is run to determine whether or not it is GM grain?

    I want to learn about this stuff, so maybe I can quit eating nuts and berries. LOL

  28. Liz says:

    Let me start by saying that I am not a huge fan of GM foods. I think that a lot of the technology was rushed into use with little study, and even less regulation. Companies (like Monsanto) were stupid and short sighted, figuring that consumers would just accept the products. To anyone interested in the subject, there’s a great book called “Food, Inc.” by Peter Pringle that is pretty even handed. People have every right to be concerned about the technology–there are possible dangers involved. People should educate themselves on the subject

    My point here, though, is that there is no reason to think that it has anything to do with the melamine that has been found. Crops engineered with Bt (the Cry1Ac mentioned above), have been modified to express proteins that are naturally made by a bacteria. Since it’s an existent gene, it can be taken from the bacteria and put into wheat. The pesticide in those crops is the protein.

    Cyromazine is a manufactured pesticide, and it can break down into melamine. However, other than speculation by people who want to connect the recall to GM foods, I have not been able to find any evidence that it has been engineered into crops. Cyromazine is not a protein, and, unlike Bt, it is not naturally produced. Thus, I can’t think of a way it could be engineered into crops using current methods. Genetic engineering is not like cooking. You can’t just make a plant produce anything that you want it to.

    I encourage people to be skeptical of genetic engineering. However, it can’t be linked to every health problem under the sun. Again, if anyone actually knows more about specific GM crops, I’d like to know. 5catmom, “AZO’s” are a class of chemical compounds. I could find references to azoreductases, but nothing that would synthesize them. If you have any good links, could you please post them?

    I just think that pointing at GM crops is finding the most complicated and least likely scenario. Melamine (and cyromazine) are readily available and easy to make industrially. Whether the contamination was intentional (as I suspect), or something else, there is plenty of those chemicals lying around that could be dumped into the gluten. All I want is for the conditions that led to this to be addressed, and that won’t happen if people are off in a completely different direction.

  29. 5CatMom says:


    Yes, I’m still using Natura’s Innova (orange bag) and have added some other wet/dry/homecooked/raw foods as well.

    In additon to Innova, one of my kitties eats KumpiKat. There are other good foods, too. I’m a bit limited because I live in a small town.

    Natura (the company) seems to get it, and I like that they plan to open a wet plant.

  30. LEO says:

    I agree W/You About a Natura pet food ,innova,cal.natural are both very good and healthy for our pets. and most of all gives us pet owners a peace of mind esp. after this horrible recall. we are all still numb.

  31. ~Martha~ says:

    To 5CatMom,

    Your “tone” was perfect. I, on the other hand, have had it up to HERE with people hindering the spread of (sometimes vital at the moment, oftentimes extremely useful later on.) information.

    Patience may be a virtue, but we are being ‘virtued’ beyond reason these days in those hidden from public view areas.

    I’m very close to classifying blogs into 2 categories….(A.) gathering/sharing information …and (B.) covering it up.

  32. Liz says:


    I forgot to add, I absolutely agree with you that GM foods should be labeled. I don’t think consumers should have anything forced down their throats

    And as a final comment, there is a difference between information and misinformation. “Theories” are fine, but when they are speculation and have no connection to known fact, that does not constitute sharing information. My anger comes from the fact that I don’t like it when people take advantage of other people to further their preexisting agendas. Look at the Iraq war. I truly believe that president bush took advantage of the American people by capitalizing on their grief to push us into a war that he wanted.

    I have been looking into every source, every link that I can find. If this were the result of GM crops, then rage should be directed there. However, I can’t find anything that supports it. Just because plants have been engineered to produce one pesticide (Bt toxin) doesn’t mean it’s possible for them to express any pesticide. There are fundamental differences. Let me make it perfectly clear, I am not defending genetic engineering. I buy GM free products whenever I can because I don’t think that adequate studies were done before they were put on the market.

    I have friends who lost pets to this monstrous example of corporate greed, and I don’t want anything to be covered up. I want anyone who is at all responsible to be punished in whatever way possible, and I want immediate changes to make sure it doesn’t happen again.

  33. Stephen says:


    Tomorrow the US House Energy and Commerce Committee, Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations will be conducting a hearing on whether the FDA can protect our food supplies.

    There are three panels, the first apparently are “just” citizens, my guess is pet owners who’ve lost loved ones. The second panel has a vet from a hospital in New Jersey and a rep from National Resources and Environment division of the General Accounting Office.

    The last panel has four: Stephen Miller, CEO, ChemNutra; Paul Henderson, CEO, Menu Foods; Charles Sweat (and he probably is), President, Natural Selection Foods and David Colo, Exec VP ConAgra Foods.

    Natural Selection is an odd name for a pet food company as it implies “survival of the fittest”. I guess those are the pets who ate the melamine and are still alive.

    Anyway, here is the link:

    The hearing is entitled “Diminished Capacity”

  34. susanUnPC says:

    This is just a thought. Since some people here are interested in GM foods, but people here differ on its possible relationship, if any, to the pet food recall, perhaps we could create a topic in Itchmo’s forum for GM food discussion, and move all such discussions to that forum section?

    That way, we could read about, and learn about, the debate in the forum, leading with 5CatMom’s information, acknowledging Dr. Michael Fox’s concerns, adding in Liz’s knowledgeable caveats, and whatever else comes along? But we could separate it out for the time being from the main recall, FDA, and Congressional hearing news? (I personally find the debate fascinating and troubling, but am a little concerned that new visitors here — looking for pet recall info — might be confused by that particular debate since it’s not the main thrust of Congressional investigation and news reports.)

  35. 5CatMom says:


    Thanks, I’ll look for the links.

    Just to clarify, I’m not saying that GM wheat or rice caused toxin levels sufficient to explain the current crisis. My interest in GM has to do with potential long term effects.

    WRT the current crisis, FDA reported that the wheat gluten contained 6.6% melamine - enough melamine that it could be seen. So it appears that melamine was added to the wheat gluten. Dito the rice protein concentrate, but with different levels of different toxin(s).

    FYI, although some of my posts include comments/questions about GM issues as well as the current pet food debacle, it’s not my intent to confuse the two.

    However, I wonder what happens to the GM grain that is experimently produced, or grain shipments that are GM contaminated. Does the stuff get recycled into the animal food supply? What happens to it?

    For example:

    “On Tuesday 22nd of March 2005 Sarah Hull, a spokeswoman for the international agrochemical and GMO company Syngenta announced that farmers in four U.S. states planted 37,000 acres (15.000 ha) with the experimental Bt10 corn variety from 2001 through 2004. She refused to say which four states.”All current plantings and seed stock have been identified and either destroyed or isolated for future destruction,” Syngenta said in a prepared statement. While most of the corn produced from the Bt10 seeds, engineered to act as a pesticide, likely went into animal feed, some of it may have entered the human food supply, Hull said. She also said the Bt10 corn could have been exported to countries that have approved the Bt11 variety. That list includes Canada, Argentina, Japan, South Africa, Uruguay, the European Union, Switzerland, Australia, New Zealand, Taiwan, the Philippines, China, Russia, and South Korea. Jeff Stein, Syngenta’s director of regulatory affairs for North America, said the primary difference between Bt10 and Bt11 is that the same DNA was inserted into different portions of the plant’s genome, but the proteins created by the process remained identical”

    Firm Blames Farmers, ‘Act of God’ for Rice Contamination

    StarLink corn has already been withdrawn from the market after its discovery in the food supply in September spawned nationwide recalls of taco shells and sent ripples through the U.S. corn export market. The genetically modified corn, or GM crop, was approved only for animal feed or industrial use, but not for human consumption.

    I am not an expert, but simply an inquiring mind. Some answers from FDA would be helpful, but unfortunately, we’re not hearing much from them.

  36. AZSue says:

    susanUnPC Says:
    April 23rd, 2007 at 3:20 pm
    This is just a thought. Since some people here are interested in GM foods, but people here differ on its possible relationship, if any, to the pet food recall, perhaps we could create a topic in Itchmo’s forum for GM food discussion, and move all such discussions to that forum section?

    Very nicely said! I would be interested in helping to research this topic further. Actually I have been since this morning and I feel like I’ve been running in circles. This breaks down into that…and so on…and so on…. This is way beyond my science background, but I’m willing to try.

    Sorry Liz…you had me until your “theory” on the Iraq war. This is definitely NOT the place for a comment like that! Find a political board for that comment, please! This is about our pets…period.


  37. sandi says:

    I believe the melamine is also in the fertilizer used in China. Thus, may be how it got into the crop.

    Also, after a few months it will be business as ususl, as stockholders want the biggest bang for their investment. Also, it is cheaper to process grains in China, no pollution controls, as in this country.

    Also, I agree why was not contaminated grain contained?/

    It was sold for hog feed.

    I do have a question , does anyone have opinions on Chicken Soup cat and dog foods???


  38. 5CatMom says:


    You’re right it is facinating, and it is a bit off topic, but the recall news seems slow today, so I thought it would be fun to discuss the subject.

    The good news is that others have knowledge of and interest in the subject, and share their views here. That’s just great!

    LOL - I don’t do forums - have a hard enough time typing comments into ITCHMO’s box! Do you know of any going’s on with the recalls that would be a good topic for comments?

  39. AZSue says:

    So we don’t lose sight of what this is all about….

    From today:

    “Update, 4/23: 4,458 pets have been reported as deceased into our Pet Connection database.”

    My heart grieves for these pet parents. I know how lucky I am that I am not one of them. And I never forget that this number is just from people with a computer…I feel that it is probably so much larger.

    I hope tomorrow’s hearing is as kick-a$$ as last week. Senator Durbin seems to totally get it. I will be listening as I did last week. I do hope, though, that someone will post the transcript somewhere.


  40. AZSue says:


    I just read your post…

    I switched to “Chicken Soup for the Cat Lover’s Soul” 3 or 4 weeks ago. I also added Wysong’s “Vitality.”

    My 2 cats seem to like both of them very much. I did some homework on them, they are both holistic, but do have added probiotics, which some here don’t seem to like. I am okay with probiotics, though.

    I am not very happy with Diamond Foods at the moment, which makes “Chicken Soup…” because they sold recalled pet food (not their brands, but brands made for other companies in their plants) to the hog farm that is now recalling pork. But, at the same time, I need a safe food for my “kids.”

    Life right now is one big crapshoot. Just when you think that you have found “the one,” they go and do something stupid.

    So for the time being, I will continue with both of the above mentioned foods, because I want my cats to eat safe food. I am going to look into making them home-made food in the future. Can’t be that hard…just need to read up and get experience doing it.


  41. susanUnPC says:

    The House hearing tomorrow is so important … I’m guessing we’ll go here to listen, starting at 9:30am ET:
    (I don’t think there’ll be a transcript but maybe Ben will be willing to type up terrific notes like he did for last week’s Senate hearing. And there’ll surely be many news stories about the hearing.)

    The WaPo article this morning has spread the story further, with many popular political blogs like FireDogLake picking it up:

    On Saturday, we had a terrific discussion on the implications of poor oversight for both human and pet foods:
    “CRIMINAL Probe Opened in Pet Food Scare: YOUR Food Affected”
    (Yes, I wrote it, but the best part is the comments section with so many knowledgeable people weighing in.)

    The point is that this story continues to grow. The tragedy is that our pets have been the canaries in the coal mine, exposing the federal government’s failure to regulate food safety and protect us from god-knows-what in both imported foods and imported ingredients.

  42. susanUnPC says:

    Today, NPR’s “To The Point” picked up the story:

    Is the FDA Capable of Policing the Food Supply? (12:00P)
    Three people were killed by contaminated spinach from California this year, and hundreds more were sickened before the FDA ordered a recall. Not only did the Food and Drug Administration know about problems with spinach, it was also aware of problems with contaminated peanut butter. In both cases—before high profile recalls. A report in today’s Washington Post raises questions about the FDA and its ability to protect America’s food supply. Mark McClellan, senior fellow at the AEI-Brookings Joint Center for Regulatory Studies, is a former commissioner of the FDA.

    LISTEN (it’s the last segment):

  43. AZSue says:

    susanUnPC Says:
    April 23rd, 2007 at 5:57 pm
    The House hearing tomorrow is so important … I’m guessing we’ll go here to listen, starting at 9:30am ET:
    (I don’t think there’ll be a transcript but maybe Ben will be willing to type up terrific notes like he did for last week’s Senate hearing. And there’ll surely be many news stories about the hearing.)

    I wasn’t paying attention and thought it was the Senate again, so…thanks much for the link…I don’t see Dennis Kucinich’s name on this committee…IMHO, he is almost as good as Sen. Durbin. He was one of the original government officials that I contacted when all of this started. I wish he was going to be there…and now unfortunately it is too late for me to call his office…sigh….


  44. 5catmommy says:

    Just read this on Howl911 FYI

    Howl 911 has received a number of emails which has shed some light on the history and practice of protein spiking various food types to mask poor quality and/or to obtain higher market pricing. In some cases–that of adding urea to bovine feed–the practice is perfectly legal, albeit risky, as this University of Arizona veterinary health alert warns:
    Animal Health Alert #1/2002: Urea Poisoning of Range Cattle:
    Urea or ammonium salts are added to protein supplements as non-protein sources of nitrogen (NPN), which can be used, under the right circumstances, by ruminant livestock to provide up to 40 percent of their protein nitrogen requirements. NPN sources such as urea can be converted to protein and amino acids by rumen microorganisms in NPN-adapted ruminant livestock when energy intakes are adequate. They are commonly used because they are often less expensive than natural protein sources. When NPN supplements are improperly used, fatal ammonia intoxication can occur from too-rapid breakdown of urea (or ammonium salt)-containing products to ammonia from NPN sources by microorganisms in the paunch (rumen) of cattle or sheep.

    In our googling quest, Howl 911 came across an old news report of a 1985 case of food adulteration (oops–didn’t bookmark it; when we find it again, if we do, we’ll post the link). The case involved an American wheat farmer who added urea to his wheat (which was intended for human consumption) in order to boost the perceived protein content, thus yielding a higher market price. The farmer was subsequently caught and criminally convicted of food adulteration. So it would appear protein spiking has been going on for a long time, and if a wheat farmer in Kansas could figure it out, then it’s not surprising a Chinese company (or two, or three) with a staff of scientists, could (and would) do likewise. Considering China’s lax regulations on food safety, it is really no surprise that the adulteration of commodity foods like glutens might be widely practiced. A reader sent us a link which seems to support that such a practice might be more common than not in China. Here is, in part, what the supplier’s ad says:
    Product Description
    Produced by Jiangyin Hetai Biochem Co.,Ltd. (China)
    Exported by Jiangyin Hetai Trade Company Ltd. (China)

    Rice Protein Concentrate Feed Grade
    We never add any chemicals or other elements to “increase” protein contents. We only supply natural rice protein resources.

    In addition, there is this 2005 statement which appeared on the above Chinese supplier’s website: (courtesy of Abby Kellyite’s Daily Kos diary, 04/18/07 entry):
    Recently, we found Rice Protein Concentrate Feed Grade with very low price in market. Its appearance is White, good fineness & good looking. It make some of our customers confused aboutour Rice Protein’s appearance and price.

    After we searched in the market, we kindly inform everybody,
    This kind of product is PSEUDO rice protein, and there are 2 kinds:
    1. Inorganic nitrogen and a small part of other vegetable protein mixed together.
    2. Biuret (one of the carbamide/urea)

    How to know it is PSEUDO RICE PROTEIN: (Based on analysis)
    1. Total Nitrogen is Inorganic nitrogen.
    2. All proteins have isoelectric point. It has no isoelectric point (pI).

    The “biuret” referred to above is a newer “improved” NPN which is now being added to ruminants’ (cattle, sheep) feed as a cheap alternative to natural protein sources of nitrogen, and is purported to be less toxic to cattle than urea. The Archer Daniels Midland (ADM) - Alliance Nutrition Inc.(ANI) website says this about biuret:
    A Safe, Practical Alternative to Urea.
    Feed-grade biuret is an ADM exclusive.
    It is a mixture of compounds including biuret and small amounts of triuret, cyanuric acid, and urea, and is formed by the controlled decomposition and subsequent processing of urea.
    Ed note: Cyanuric acid? Hmmm…
    Ed. note: Incidentally, ADM-ANI also sells a number of commodity products to the pet food industry (wheat, soy, vitamins, mixed tocopherals, and TVP–texturized vegetable protein–which, they say, is available in various sizes and colors and is widely used in canned products as a meat extender.
    Especially interesting is ADM-ANI’s webpage on “byproducts.” One such byproduct is CORN GLUTEN FEED (not the same as corn gluten or corn gluten meal). Corn gluten feed (CGF) “is the portion of corn grain that remains after extraction of starch, gluten, and germ in the wet milling process. It is primarily bran, which is quite digestible in the rumen. Typically, corn gluten feed consists of about 2/3 corn bran and 1/3 corn steep liquor … Since corn gluten feed is high in phosphorus, it is important to provide a high-calcium mineral supplement to balance the Ca:P ratio. Supplementing diets with thiamine may be beneficial due to the increased tendency for polio-like symptoms in feedlot cattle fed high amounts of gluten.”
    The “polio-like” symptoms obseved in cattle which are fed CGF include blindness, muscle tremors and weakness which are presumably the result of brain lesions caused by the excess sulfur in the CGF. CGF, disturbingly, is becoming a popular “meat extender” in pet food. A quick google for “corn gluten feed” found it listed among the ingredients for Purina’s Fit and Trim dry dog food, Pilgrim’s 21% and 22% dog foods, and several of the JOY Pet Food formulations. Needless to say, the aforementioned list is just a small example. The caveat, as always, is to read the packaging labels or, because pet food companies are allowed up to six months to amend their ingredient listings, call the pet food company in question and ask them directly if corn gluten feed is used in any of their foods. The Dog Food Project website has compiled a comprehensive list of other foods to avoid in pet food.

  45. 6catmommy says:

    Everyone check for CGF “Corn Gluten Feed”

  46. xyz says:

    I’m still not clear on the point of whether all the toxins in South Africa have been linked to melamine. Did they find one of the toxins in a sample without melamine, or did it just sound that way?

    ITCHMO ADMIN: They confirmed melamine in corn gluten.

  47. xyz says:


    Thanks Ichmo admin. Can’t say often enough how much you’re appreciated.

  48. xyz says:

    Spell check: make that Itchmo admin. But you knew that.

  49. Ruth says:

    This mess is a wake up call to the American public. But how many people out there are fully aware to what’s going on.
    The news hasn’t really kept up with the recalls. It been shifted to the bottom of the news heap. Only to read a blurb on the bottom of the TV screen.
    Really people, the only ones that have any concern are the ones who have lost a pet or have pets and are worried about what is safe for them to eat.

    We as Americans have relied on the government to make things safe. We have believed in the FDA to keep us safe. But thats debatable. Just look at the Medicines we take and later are pulled out of the market.

    If this toxin hadn’t made our pets sick or killed them, we would just look at the labels and believed the advertising ads that this or that food was better for our pets. Just walk into a Vet’s office and you see all the bags of food stacked about and you feel safe that you are buying a good brand because you believe the Vet.

    Honestly, just ask someone who doesn’t have a pet and ask them how concerned they are about this mess.
    Well, we all have to be concerned because its slowly starting to trickle down to the human food chain while the FDA keeps witholding names of the companies or the new supplier that has bought and sold the tainted protein, whatever tainted protein it is.

    I am glad I found Thanks for the valuable information. Otherwise I wouldn’t know what’s going on. Not even the news stations have shown this much info.

    Still grieving for my pet……. :( ……… the nights are the worst…..

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